Amino Acids 101

Amino Acids and Plant Stimulation

The basic component of a living plant cell is protein. Amino acids serve as the building blocks of proteins. Proteins are linear chains of amino acids.
Plants synthesize (create) amino acids from the primary elements: Water (H2O), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and Nitrogen (N). This process is called photosynthesis. Plants have the capacity to bio-synthesize all the amino acids needed for growth using these primary elements.
Plants absorb amino acids through the stomata in the stems and leaves or through the roots hairs at the base of the plant. Introducing amino acids at the root ball of a plant improves the microflora of the soil, facilitating the assimilation of nutrients by your plants. This microbial-floral balance in agricultural soil is a basic factor for good organic matter mineralization as well as providing sound structure and fertility in the root area.
Foliar feeding your plants with a liquid protein hydrolysate (liquid amino acids sprayed on the stems and leaves of a plant) provides ready-made and available building blocks of amino acids for immediate protein synthesis. Amino acids are the fundamental ingredients in the process of protein synthesis and will directly influence the development of a plant.

To increase the yield and overall quality of a plant crop, it is essential to have substantial quantities of absorbable amino acids available for the plant to take in. If a plant has a ready source of available amino acids, the plant can save energy on other biosynthetic processes and can then dedicate its energy to better plant development during its critical growth stages.

TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS

All amino acids are found as either free form peptides or proteins. Free form peptides are individualized in monomer form and not bound by peptic unions. Due to low molecular weight, plants assimilate this form of amino acids through the stomata and the root hairs very QUICKLY. Their effects on the metabolic processes of the plant are profound. Therefore, free amino acids are of primary importance to plant nutrition.
When 2 or more amino acids are bound to one another they form a peptide. The greater the length of the peptide chain, the more difficult the direct absorption by the plant. (Polypeptides are many amino acids bound together.)
The joining of different chains of polypeptides is instrumental in the formation of proteins. Therefore, the structural units of proteins are amino acids joined in a sequence and characteristic order for each type of protein. These are the hardest to assimilate by plants.

FUNCTIONS

Proteins have a variety of different plant functions. Some are supportive to the structure, some metabolic through enzymatic processes, some for transport of nutrients, some as amino acid reserves.
Only the L-amino acids are involved in the biosynthetic processes of plants. Plant enzymes do not recognize the D-amino acids.
Stressful conditions such as high temperatures, low moisture, frost, parasitic attack, hail, flooding, disease and phytotoxic chemicals (pesticides) affect plant metabolism with a corresponding decrease of crop quality.

The application of amino acids before, during, and after stressful conditions provide the plant with nutrients needed for their recovery, recuperation, and as a buffer for prevention against further stresses.

Photosynthesis is the plants most important metabolic activity. Through this pathway, a plant synthesizes sugars from carbon dioxide, water, and luminous energy. These sugars (carbohydrates) are the primary SOURCE OF ENERGY for the plant and all their metabolic processes. A low photosynthesis rate (caused by stress) can decrease a plants growth and development.

Stomata (stoma) are the tiny pores in a leaf or stem of a plant allowing for the movement of gasses, in and out. These cellular structures control the plants hydro-balance and the absorption of gasses and micro/macro nutrients. The stomata’s openings are controlled by external factors such as light, temperature, and the concentration of salts and also by internal factors like amino acid and abscissa acid concentrations.

The plant stomata close when light and moisture are low and when temperature and salt concentrations are high. When stomata open, photosynthesis and transportation of the micro/macro nutrient absorption are reduced and respiration is increased. When this occurs, the metabolic balance is negative. This causes the metabolism to decrease and plant growth to stop.

Amino acids have a chelating affect for micronutrients. When jointly applied with microelements, their absorption and transportation inside the plant increases. This is caused by chelation and membrane permeability.

Amino acids act as activators of growth in plants and soil. Amino acids also stabilize all members in the microbial flora.

Free amino acids, when quickly absorbed, give birth to biologically active substances, invigorating and stimulating vegetation (trophic effect).
Free amino acids also stimulate the formation of chlorophyll, ingole-3 acetic acid, vitamins and various enzymatic functions (hormonal effect).

Trophic & Hormonal effects on plants:

  • Simulate flowering

  • Help with better fruit setting

  • Increase size and deepen coloration of fruits

  • Increase sugar concentration

  • Increase vitamin content

  • Create a more dense cellular structure in the fruit

  • Increase THC. CBN, CBD concentration

  • Increase overall plant size

  • Speed up plant maturity


AMAL GOLD ORGANIC PLANT SUPER FOOD is custom-blended, protein-rich organic nutrition system loaded with the finest vitamins, minerals and amino acids from the safest organic sources. This is a complete plant food that nourishes stronger, healthier and larger plants; creating heavier fruits and vegetables.